AP FACT CHECK: Shutdown Produces A Number Of Overblown Rhetoric

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WASHINGTON — The weeklong drama over the hourslong authorities shutdown set free overblown rhetoric from each events whereas President Donald Trump wrestled inartfully with turmoil within the inventory market, considered one of his favorite bragging factors till it tanked.

On the sidelines of the finances battle, Trump pitched his marketing campaign in opposition to the MS-13 gang. He appeared to overstate the attain of the violent group in his willpower to hyperlink immigrants with legal behaviour and to justify cash for a wall alongside the U.S.-Mexico border. Meantime his EPA chief misrepresented the science on world warming, a few of it coming from his personal company.

A assessment of some statements by Trump and different public figures throughout per week of turbulence on a number of fronts:

TRUMP: “We’re right here to debate the large risk of MS-13, probably the most violent and cruel gangs wherever on this planet. We’ve actually by no means seen something fairly like this.” — remarks Tuesday at a regulation enforcement assembly.

THE FACTS: The group is definitely violent however its total numbers are considerably restricted. Federal prosecutors consider MS-13 now has 1000’s of members throughout the nation, but statistics present they account for lower than 1 per cent of complete U.S. gang membership.

Fashioned in Los Angeles within the 1980s by El Salvador refugees and extra lately expanded in Central America, the group is certainly linked to large variety of homicides in sure elements of the U.S., together with 25 killings on New York’s Lengthy Island prior to now two years. Even so, an FBI report put the group properly behind different gangs for crimes on the southwest border — seventh of 12 — with the Surenos, Barrio Azteca and Tango Blast ranked within the high three.

Regardless of Trump’s rivalry that “MS-13 recruits via our damaged immigration system, violating our borders, and it simply comes proper via,” the gang has many U.S.-born members at this level — individuals who by advantage of U.S. citizenship can’t be denied entry primarily based on their nationality, or deported. The federal government has not stated lately what number of members it thinks are residents and immigrants. In notable raids on MS-13 in 2015 and 2016, the general public caught had been discovered to be U.S. residents.


TRUMP: “Within the ‘previous days,’ when excellent news was reported, the Inventory Market would go up. At the moment, when excellent news is reported, the Inventory Market goes down. Huge mistake, and we’ve a lot good (nice) information concerning the economic system!” — tweet Wednesday.

THE FACTS: It’s not that easy, and it’s not true optimistic financial indicator essentially means an increase in shares. The other can occur, relying on what kind of chain response is anticipated by traders.

The market dive was prompted partly by the information that wages are rising at the very best tempo in eight years after a chronic bout of sluggish good points. Larger wages can result in extra inflation. The Federal Reserve may attempt to restrain inflation by elevating rates of interest, which might harm company earnings and restrict the tempo of financial progress. That’s how excellent news for staff can include a draw back for traders.

Likewise, dangerous information could make the market rise. In 2016, for instance, the Labor Division initially reported that employers added a mere 38,000 jobs in Could. After slipping that day, the Dow Jones industrial common climbed the subsequent buying and selling day. A weak jobs report could cause shares to dip briefly, then surge the next days on the idea that the Fed will maintain off on fee will increase.


TRUMP: “Those that don’t need safety on the Southern border, or every other border, are the Democrats. They don’t care concerning the safety of our nation. They don’t care about MS-13 killers pouring into our nation. … No one was bringing them out earlier than us.” — speech Monday in Ohio.

THE FACTS: Current historical past doesn’t present such indifference. The U.S. carried out document deportations throughout the Obama administration and, on MS-13 particularly, carried out raids of the group and introduced a freeze on its U.S. belongings.

Homeland Safety Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen stated on the assembly Tuesday that MS-13 is “the primary gang harmful sufficient to be labeled as a transnational legal group.” That’s true, however it was the Obama administration that took that unprecedented motion.

Trump’s Justice Division has not directly credited the Obama administration, in its early years, with placing heavy stress on the gang. It stated, “By the mixed efforts of federal, state and native regulation enforcement, nice progress was made diminishing or severely (disrupting) the gang inside sure focused areas of the U.S. by 2009 and 2010.” That was not sufficient to crush MS-13 and Trump is taking additional steps towards that objective. However he isn’t the primary to go after the gang.


REP. NANCY PELOSI, Democratic Home chief: “What it completed was to say, we’ve our beliefs and we’re prepared to combat for them, and we’re prepared to combat for them on the ground of the Home. It was a easy query to the speaker, why can’t we’ve a vote within the Home of Representatives?” — telling reporters Thursday why she staged an eight-hour speech to press Home Republicans to permit a vote on defending these younger immigrants who got here to the U.S. as kids and reside right here illegally.

THE FACTS: Her speech generated headlines for its document size, however was it actually a combat for her social gathering’s beliefs? Regardless of her rhetoric, many Home Democrats stated they weren’t pushed by Pelosi’s management group to oppose the Senate finances deal with out the immigration protections. Her efficiency additionally had no quick influence on Republican leaders, who declined to schedule a vote on the younger immigrants despite the fact that they wanted Democratic help for the finances pact to finish a second authorities shutdown.

In the end, 73 Home Democrats voted in favour of the finances invoice, permitting it to go 240-186.

Pelosi’s speech appeared extra geared toward liberals within the Democratic Celebration who had been livid that Senate Democrats lower a finances deal with out the protections for about 800,000 younger folks dropped at the U.S. as kids and now residing within the nation illegally. Pelosi has been stressing since late final 12 months that these protections needs to be tied to spending payments as a solution to power motion on the difficulty. Her reference to preventing for “our beliefs” glosses over her social gathering’s divisions on the matter.


SCOTT PRUITT, EPA administrator: “I feel there’s assumptions made that as a result of the local weather is warming, that that essentially is a nasty factor.” — interview with KSNV-TV in Las Vegas on Tuesday.

THE FACTS: It’s a dangerous factor, with harmful penalties far outweighing scattered advantages, in keeping with broad scientific consensus. That consensus reaches into Pruitt’s personal division, which helped write a federal draft report final 12 months that estimates warmth from world warming will trigger four,500 to 9,000 additional deaths a 12 months by the top of the century and impose additional prices of $60 billion to $140 billion a 12 months.

International warming may deliver milder winters and longer rising seasons to a couple areas of the U.S. however a lot of the nation faces heatwaves and droughts of larger severity, stronger tropical storms and elevated coastal flooding.

As properly, stated Dr. Howard Frumkin, a professor appointed by Republican President George W. Bush to guide the Nationwide Middle for Environmental Well being, sizzling climate “promotes the unfold of infectious ailments, reduces work capability, will increase charges of accidents and violent crimes, impairs sleep, reduces agricultural manufacturing, worsens air high quality, and prolongs the allergy season.”

Earth has not been this heat for 11,000 years, a number of research have discovered.


PRUITT: “Our exercise contributes to the local weather altering to a sure diploma. Now, measuring that with precision … is tougher than is let on at instances.” — KSNV-TV interview.

THE FACTS: A “sure diploma” vastly understates the science. Current research go away little doubt that human exercise is the overwhelming reason for local weather change.

The Nationwide Local weather Evaluation’s Local weather Science Particular Report, revealed in November from a consortium of presidency businesses that included EPA, calculated that human contribution to world warming since 1950 quantity to 92 per cent to 123 per cent of it.

It’s greater than 100 per cent on the upper finish as a result of some pure forces — comparable to volcanoes and the Earth’s orbital cycle — are working to chill the planet however are being overwhelmed by the results of greenhouse gases, stated examine co-author Katharine Hayhoe, director of the Local weather Science Middle at Texas Tech College.


Related Press writers Josh Boak, Jill Colvin, Eric Tucker, Michael Biesecker, Seth Borenstein, Alan Fram and Elliot Spagat contributed to this report.


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EDITOR’S NOTE — A take a look at the veracity of claims by political figures

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